Nose Disorder (medical condition) : - Any condition that involves the nose. The nose is a facial organ that facilitates breathing and is used to smell. Some examples of nose conditions are frostbite, broken nose, common cold, sinusitis and nasal polyps.
What Causes It ?
Nasal polyps usually result from the continuous pressure resulting from a chronic allergy that causes prolonged mucous membrane swelling in the nose and sinuses. Other predisposing factors include chronic sinus infection, chronic rhinitis, and recurrent nasal infections.
What Are Symptoms For Nasal Polyps ?
Nasal blockage is the primary symptom of nasal polyps. The blockage causes loss of the sense of smell, a sensation of fullness in the face, nasal discharge, headache, and shortness of breath.
Other symptoms usually mimic those of allergic rhinitis :
- Nose bleeds
- Nose pain
- Nose swelling
- Dysfunction of smell
- Difficulty breathing
How Is It Diagnosed ?
The doctor will use X-rays of the sinuses and nasal passages and will examine the nose with a nasal speculum to help diagnose nasal polyps.
How Is It Treated ?
The doctor will prescribe steroid drugs to be administered either by direct injection into the polyps or by local spray to temporarily shrink the polyps. The doctor may also treat the underlying cause, using antihistamines to control allergy and antibiotics if infection is present. Local application of an astringent shrinks swollen tissue.
Unfortunately, medical treatment alone is rarely effective in alleviating nasal polyps. Consequently, the doctor will surgically remove the polyps, usually using local anesthesia. Laser surgery is being used more frequently for polyp removal.
Nose Conditions :
Taste and Smell Disorders
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