The Gallbladder is a pear-shaped organ that sits beneath the liver in the right-upper abdomen. It's function is to store bile. It is attached to the bile ducts that come from the liver. These ducts carry bile from the liver to the gallbladder and intestine where the bile helps digest food. The gallbladder is not necessary to maintain good health.
A diseased Gallbladder can occur when stones are present (cholelithiasis) in the gallbladder or cystic duct. At the same time, the gallbladder may be inflamed (cholecystitis) secondary to presence of stones. In some cases, the gallbladder can be inflamed without stones being present and bacteria can cause this. Gallstones can cause irritation or they can cause no symptoms at all. When irritation occurs people may experience abdominal pain, back pain, nausea, vomiting, heartburn, and even jaundice (yellowing of the skin) if a stone becomes lodged in the common bile duct.
- Surgical removal of the Gallbladder
Surgical removal of the gallbladder, known as cholecystectomy, is one of the oldest and commonest operations performed. There are two basic methods of gallbladder removal, namely laparoscopic (keyhole) cholecystectomy and open cholecystectomy.
- Laparoscopic (Keyhole) Cholecystectomy
Laparoscopic or "keyhole" surgery has existed for decades, but its use has vastly expanded in the past decade. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is now the gold standard treatment for gallstones and has significant advantages over open surgery, including : Read More
- Reduced hospital stay
- Reduced post operative pain
- Improved recovery time
- Decreased post operative complications
- Better cosmetic result
The possible complications of open gallbladder surgery include : -
- Injury to the common bile duct.
- Excessive bleeding.
- Infection of the surgical wound.
- Injuries to the liver, intestines, or major abdominal blood vessels.
- Blood clots or pneumonia related to the longer recovery period after open surgery.
- Risks of general anesthesia.
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