What is Spondylolysis?
Cervical spondylolysis is a disorder that narrows the spinal canal in the neck compressing the spinal cord or spinal nerve roots. It's a fracture or defect in a portion of the bone between the back joints, allowing one vertebral body to slide forward on the next.
It often affects middle-aged and older adults who have degenerative discs and vertebrae in their neck. When a spondylolysis is present, the back part of the vertebra and the facet joints simply are not connected to the body, except by soft tissue. Treatment options include decompressive lumbar lamiinectomy and fusion with pedicle screws and TLIF.
Sciatica And The Sciatic Nerve
Sciatica is a condition caused by compression or trauma of the sciatic nerve and common during pregnancy. Sciatica is made worse when you cough or if someone lifts your leg up while you are laying down. Symptoms may begin abruptly or gradually, are usually irritated by movement, and worsen at night.
What Are Spinal Tumors?
Most primary tumors are caused by out-of-control growth of cells in the spinal column or neural tissues. Spinal tumors that are the result of cancer spreading from other parts of the body are called secondary or metastatic tumors. All secondary tumors are malignant because they originated from cancerous tumors elsewhere in the body.
Spinal tumors are also classified by the part of the spine where they are located. These classifications are called cervical, thoracic, lumbar and sacrum. A spinal tumor may be within the spinal canal or next to the spinal canal.
Symptoms Of Tumors
The principal symptom of a spinal tumor is non-mechanical back pain, which is a constant pain that does not improve with rest or lying down. Mechanical back pain due to muscle strains or disc injury usually worsens with activities such as sitting, bending, and walking and gets better with rest or lying down.
Other symptoms include:
Difficulty with incontinence
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