Prevention of Heart Disease
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is now the leading cause of death worldwide and in developing countries like India, the relative proportion of deaths from infectious diseases is on the decline, whilst that from chronic illnesses such as heart disease is on the rise. Contrary to popular belief heart disease is no longer the dubious distinction of the rich in India, but is prevalent in large numbers throughout the socioeconomic strata.
Q.1)What is Heart disease?
Heart disease occurs when blockages build up in the arteries supplying blood to the heart. These blockages slowly build up over time due to risk factors.
The major risk factors for heart disease
Risk factors, which cannot be modifiedAge: - Men, older than 45 years and women older than 55 years are at a higher risk.
Family history : - Your risk increases if a close family member (parents and siblings) has had heart disease.
Risk factors, which can be modified
Blood Pressure: - High blood pressure, which is defined as greater than 140/90 mmHg. Your ideal blood pressure should be 120/80 or below.
Diabetes: - You have diabetes, if your fasting blood sugar is greater than 126 mg/dl on more than one occasion
Cholesterol: - to keep your risk level low your total cholesterol should be below 200 mg/dl and your HDL cholesterol (the 'good' cholesterol) should be above 40 mg/dl
Smoking: - Any amount of smoking or tobacco chewing is a major risk factor for heart disease and cancer
Q.2) Can heart disease be prevented?
Yes….but to prevent it, its necessary to understand the disease process. Blockages start building up in the heart's arteries, as early as 20-30 years of age. A 'normal' ECG or stress test does not mean you will not have disease in the future. To effectively halt this progression you need to aggressively modify your risk factors over a lifetime, and the only way to do that is through lifestyle modification
Know your numbers
To keep your risk for disease as low as possible its important to 'aggressively' control your risk factors. 'Borderline' and 'average' values tend to slowly but surely increase risk over time :
|Blood pressure||Should be kept below 120/80 mmHg|
|Cholesterol||Total cholesterol below 200 mg/dl|
|Triglycerides below 150 mg/dl|
|LDL (bad chol) below 100 mg/dl|
|HDL (good chol) above 40 mg/dl|
|Blood Sugar||Fasting value should be 70-110 mg/dl|
|Weight||Body mass index below 25 kg/m2|
|Waist||Less than 40 inches for men and 35 for women|
Q.3) How can we help?
Our preventive cardiology service is geared to help those who would like to:
Prevent a first heart attack
Prevent or delay the need for bypass surgery or angioplasty (stent)
Improve overall quality of life
Components of the programWe offer different programs depending on the health status of the individual. The goals of all the programs are to reduce risk of heart disease through lifestyle modification and risk factor reduction. We work in conjunction with your physician to adjust your medication (if necessary) for aggressive risk control. Our aim is to empower you with the knowledge to be able to control your risk over a lifetime (not only for the duration of the program)Components of the program include:
Cardiac evaluation, including stress test and lipid profile
Exercise under telemetry supervision ( where your ECG is monitored)
Post-program evaluation (same as above)
For more information, medical assessment and medical quote
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(Only for international patients seeking treatment in India)